Nov 1, 2017
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Churchill Downs Incorporated Reports 2017 Third Quarter Results

LOUISVILLE, Ky., Nov. 01, 2017 (GLOBE NEWSWIRE) -- Churchill Downs Incorporated (NASDAQ:CHDN) (CDI or Company) today reported business results for the third quarter ended September 30, 2017.

Third Quarter 2017 Highlights

  • Net revenue of $314.8 million, 4% increase over the prior year
  • Net income of $16.7 million, 92% increase over the prior year
  • Diluted net income per share of $1.08, 108% higher than the prior year
  • Adjusted EBITDA of $76.0 million, 7% increase over the prior year
(in millions, except per share data):2017 2016
Net revenue$314.8  $303.4 
Net income16.7  8.7 
Diluted net income per share$1.08  $0.52 
Adjusted EBITDA(a)76.0  71.1 
(a) Adjusted EBITDA is a non-GAAP measure. See explanation of non-GAAP measures below.

In the quarter, net revenue increased $11.4 million primarily from a $10.8 million increase from TwinSpires, a $4.5 million increase from Casinos and a $0.5 million increase from Racing and Other Investments.  Partially offsetting these increases was a $4.4 million decrease from Big Fish Games.

The $8.0 million increase in net income and $0.56 increase in diluted net income per share was primarily a result of a $6.2 million increase in operating income from our segments and a $4.0 million increase in income from our equity investments, partially offset by a $1.5 million increase in interest expense associated with higher outstanding debt balances and a $0.7 million increase in other expense primarily related to unfavorable foreign exchange rates at Big Fish Games.

Adjusted EBITDA increased $4.9 million primarily from a $9.1 million increase from Casinos, a $4.1 million increase from TwinSpires, a $1.3 million increase from Racing, and a $0.6 million increase from other sources.  These increases were partially offset by a $10.2 million decrease from Big Fish Games.


We use Adjusted EBITDA to evaluate segment performance, develop strategy and allocate resources.  We utilize the Adjusted EBITDA metric because we believe the inclusion or exclusion of certain recurring items is necessary to provide a more accurate measure of our core operating results and enables management and investors to evaluate and compare from period to period our operating performance in a meaningful and consistent manner.  Adjusted EBITDA should not be considered as an alternative to operating income as an indicator of performance, as an alternative to cash flows from operating activities as a measure of liquidity, or as an alternative to any other measure provided in accordance with U.S. Generally Accepted Accounting Principles ("U.S. GAAP").  Our calculation of Adjusted EBITDA may be different from the calculation used by other companies and, therefore, comparability may be limited.

The operating segment summaries below present net revenue from external customers and intercompany revenue from each of our operating segments:

RacingThird Quarter
(in millions):2017 2016
Net revenue$41.9  $41.3 
Adjusted EBITDA1.7  0.4 

During the quarter, net revenue increased $0.6 million from the prior year primarily driven by a $1.3 million increase in net revenue at Arlington driven by increased handle and admissions, partially offset by a $0.7 million decrease primarily driven by one less live thoroughbred racing day at Churchill Downs during the third quarter of 2017 compared to 2016.

Adjusted EBITDA increased $1.3 million from the prior year driven by a $1.0 million increase at Fair Grounds primarily from favorable insurance reserve adjustments compared to the prior year quarter, and a $0.9 million increase at Arlington due to the increase in net revenue, partially offset by a $0.6 million decrease primarily due to the decrease in net revenue at Churchill Downs.

CasinosThird Quarter
(in millions):2017 2016
Net revenue$87.5  $83.0 
Adjusted EBITDA39.5  30.4 

During the quarter, net revenue increased $4.5 million from the prior year primarily driven by a $1.6 million increase at Riverwalk, a $0.8 million increase at Oxford, a $0.7 million increase at VSI, a $0.6 million increase at Harlow's, and a $0.4 million increase at Calder, all of which resulted from successful marketing and promotional activities.

Adjusted EBITDA grew $9.1 million primarily driven by a:

  • $5.5 million increase from strong performance from the Company's equity investments, including our new equity investment in Ocean Downs in January 2017.
  • $1.7 million increase at Riverwalk driven by the increase in revenues.
  • $0.9 million increase at Fair Grounds and VSI combined driven by the increase in revenues and favorable insurance reserve adjustments.
  • $0.5 million increase at Harlow's driven by the increase in revenues. 
TwinSpiresThird Quarter
(in millions):2017 2016
Net revenue$66.1  $55.5 
Adjusted EBITDA18.8  14.7 
  • During the quarter, net revenue increased $10.6 million primarily due to a 23.9% increase in active players.  TwinSpires handle grew 20.6%, outpacing the U.S. thoroughbred industry performance by 16.9 percentage points.
  • Adjusted EBITDA increased $4.1 million driven by the increase in net revenue.
Big Fish GamesThird Quarter Second Quarter Third Quarter
(in millions):2017 2017 2016
Social casino$53.4  $49.5  $44.2 
Casual and mid-core free-to-play51.2  41.9  51.8 
Premium19.3  20.6  22.5 
Total bookings (b)$123.9  $112.0  $118.5 
   Third Quarter
   2017 2016
Net revenue  $117.9  $122.3 
Adjusted EBITDA  17.0  27.2 
(b) Bookings is an operational metric that reflects the amount of virtual currency, virtual goods and premium games that consumers have purchased through third-party app stores or on the Big Fish Games website, as well as in-game advertising revenue and licensing agreement revenue.

On a sequential basis from second quarter 2017 to third quarter 2017, total bookings increased $11.9 million, or 10.6%.

  • Social casino bookings increased by $3.9 million reflecting strong growth in Big Fish Casino and Jackpot Magic Slots.
  • Casual and mid-core free-to-play bookings increased $9.3 million driven by strong bookings from Cooking Craze.
  • Premium bookings declined $1.3 million.

Compared to third quarter of 2016, total bookings increased $5.4 million, or 4.6%.

  • Social casino bookings increased by $9.2 million reflecting strong growth in Big Fish Casino and Jackpot Magic Slots.
  • Casual and mid-core free-to-play bookings declined $0.6 million.
  • Premium bookings declined $3.2 million primarily driven by customers continuing to shift from paid PC games to free-to-play mobile games.

Compared to third quarter of 2016, net revenue decreased $4.4 million, driven primarily by a:

  • $10.0 million decrease in casual and mid-core free-to-play revenue due to the significant decrease in user acquisition spending on casual free-to-play games beginning in July 2016.
  • $3.5 million decrease in premium revenue.
  • Partially offsetting these decreases was a $9.1 million increase in social casino revenue.

Compared to third quarter of 2016, Adjusted EBITDA decreased $10.2 million, driven primarily by a:

  • $5.5 million increase in user acquisition spending of which $4.1 million related to social casino and $1.4 million increase from our free to play casual games primarily as a result the launch of Cooking Craze.
  • $2.4 million increase in salaries & benefits, selling, general & administrative and research & development costs.
  • $1.3 million lower revenue net of platform and developments fees.
  • $1.0 million increase in other expense primarily related to unfavorable foreign exchange rates.

Conference Call

A conference call regarding this news release is scheduled for Thursday, November 2, 2017 at 9 a.m. ET. Investors and other interested parties may listen to the teleconference by accessing the online, real-time webcast and broadcast of the call at, or by dialing (877) 372-0878 and entering the pass code 99811530 at least 10 minutes before the appointed time. International callers should dial (253) 237-1169. An online replay will be available at approximately noon ET on Thursday, November 2, 2017 and continue for two weeks. A copy of the Company's news release announcing quarterly results and relevant financial and statistical information about the period will be accessible at

Use of Non-GAAP Measures

In addition to the results provided in accordance with U.S. GAAP, the Company also uses non-GAAP measures, including EBITDA (earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization) and Adjusted EBITDA as described in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K ("Adjusted EBITDA").

Adjusted EBITDA includes CDI's portion of the EBITDA from our equity investments.

Adjusted EBITDA excludes:

  • Acquisition expense, net which includes:
      - Acquisition-related charges, including fair value adjustments related to earnouts and deferred payments; and
      - Transaction expense, including legal, accounting, and other deal-related expense;
  • Stock-based compensation expense;
  • Gain on Calder land sale;
  • Calder exit costs; and
  • Other charges and recoveries.

For purposes of segment reporting, Adjusted EBITDA includes intercompany revenue and expense totals that are eliminated in the Consolidated Statements of Comprehensive Income.  Refer to the reconciliation of Comprehensive Income to Adjusted EBITDA included herewith for additional information.

The Company uses Adjusted EBITDA as a key performance measure of the results of operations for purposes of evaluating performance internally. The measure facilitates comparison of operating performance between periods and helps investors to better understand the operating results of CDI by excluding certain items that may not be indicative of the Company's core business or operating results. The Company believes the use of this measure enables management and investors to evaluate and compare, from period to period, the Company's operating performance in a meaningful and consistent manner. Adjusted EBITDA is a supplemental measure of our performance that is not required by or presented in accordance with U.S. GAAP and should not be considered as an alternative to, or more meaningful than, net income (as determined in accordance with U.S. GAAP) as a measure of our operating results.

The Company updated its definition of Adjusted EBITDA to exclude changes in Big Fish Games deferred revenue during the fourth quarter of 2016.  Additionally, during the first quarter of 2017, certain revenue previously included in our Corporate segment was deemed by management to be more closely aligned with our TwinSpires segment.  The prior year amounts were reclassified to conform to this presentation.

About Churchill Downs Incorporated

Churchill Downs Incorporated (CDI) (NASDAQ:CHDN), headquartered in Louisville, Ky., is an industry-leading racing, gaming and online entertainment company anchored by our iconic flagship event - The Kentucky Derby.  We are a leader in brick-and-mortar casino gaming with approximately 9,910 gaming positions in eight states, and we are the largest legal online account wagering platform for horseracing in the U.S., through our ownership of We are also one of the world's largest producers and distributors of mobile games through Big Fish Games, Inc. Additional information about CDI can be found online at

Information set forth in this press release contains various "forward-looking statements" within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933 and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934. The Private Securities Litigation Reform Act of 1995 (the "Act") provides certain "safe harbor" provisions for forward-looking statements.  All forward-looking statements made in this press release are made pursuant to the Act.

The reader is cautioned that such forward-looking statements are based on information available at the time and/or management's good faith belief with respect to future events, and are subject to risks and uncertainties that could cause actual performance or results to differ materially from those expressed in the statements.  Forward-looking statements speak only as of the date the statement was made.  We assume no obligation to update forward-looking information to reflect actual results, changes in assumptions or changes in other factors affecting forward-looking information.  Forward-looking statements are typically identified by the use of terms such as "anticipate," "believe," "could," "estimate," "expect," "intend," "may," "might," "plan," "predict," "project," "seek," "should," "will," and similar words, although some forward-looking statements are expressed differently.

Although we believe that the expectations reflected in such forward-looking statements are reasonable, we can give no assurance that such expectations will prove to be correct.  Important factors that could cause actual results to differ materially from expectations include the following: the effect of economic conditions on our consumers' confidence and discretionary spending or our access to credit; additional or increased taxes and fees; public perceptions or lack of confidence in the integrity of our business;  loss of key or highly skilled personnel; restrictions in our debt facilities limiting our flexibility to operate our business; general risks related to real estate ownership, including fluctuations in market values and environmental regulations; catastrophic events and system failures disrupting our operations, including the impact of natural and other disasters on our operations and our ability to obtain insurance recoveries in respect of such losses; inability to identify and complete acquisition, expansion or divestiture projects on time, on budget or as planned; difficulty in integrating recent or future acquisitions into our operations; legalization of online real money gaming in the United States, and our ability to capitalize on and predict such legalization; inability to respond to rapid technological changes in a timely manner; inadvertent infringement of the intellectual property of others; inability to protect our own intellectual property rights; security breaches and other security risks related to our technology, personal information, source code and other proprietary information, including failure to comply with regulations and other legal obligations relating to receiving, processing, storing and using personal information; payment-related risks, such as chargebacks for fraudulent credit card use; compliance with the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act or applicable money-laundering regulations; work stoppages and labor issues; difficulty in attracting a sufficient number of horses and trainers for full field horseraces; inability to negotiate agreements with industry constituents, including horsemen and other racetracks; personal injury litigation related to injuries occurring at our racetracks; the inability of our totalisator company, United Tote, to maintain its processes accurately, keep its technology current or maintain its significant customers; weather conditions affecting our ability to conduct live racing; increased competition in the horseracing business; changes in the regulatory environment of our racing operations; declining popularity in horseracing; seasonal fluctuations in our horseracing business due to geographic concentration of our operations; increased competition in our casino business; changes in regulatory environment of our casino business; development and expansion of casinos is costly and susceptible to delays, cost overruns and other uncertainties; concentration and evolution of slot machine manufacturing and other technology conditions that could impose additional costs; impact of further legislation prohibiting tobacco smoking; geographic concentration of our casino business; changes in regulatory environment for our advanced deposit wagering business; increase in competition in the advanced deposit wagering business; inability to retain current customers or attract new customers to our advanced deposit wagering business; uncertainty and changes in the legal landscape relating to our advanced deposit wagering business; failure to comply with laws requiring us to block access to certain individuals could result in penalties or impairment in our ability to offer advanced deposit wagering; operating in an evolving and highly competitive market related to Big Fish Games; inability to maintain relationships with third party mobile platforms related to Big Fish Games; failure to develop and publish mobile games that achieve market acceptance; inability to secure new or ongoing content from third party development partners on favorable terms; programming errors or flaws or other technical difficulties, diminishing our customers' experience; "cheating" programs, scam offers, black-markets and other actions by third parties that seek to exploit our games and players may affect our reputation and harm our operating results; slower than expected growth in use of smartphone and tablet devices to facilitate game platforms; and financial volatility quarter-to-quarter relating to Big Fish Games.

 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions, except per common share data)2017 2016 2017 2016
Net revenue:       
Racing$38.8  $38.5  $228.0  $220.8 
Casinos87.5  83.0  263.3  253.9 
TwinSpires65.9  55.1  198.4  173.1 
Big Fish Games117.9  122.3  342.5  369.6 
Other Investments4.7  4.5  14.0  12.9 
Total net revenue314.8  303.4  1,046.2  1,030.3 
Operating expense:       
Racing40.8  41.5  153.7  149.4 
Casinos60.7  61.4  185.5  182.8 
TwinSpires42.8  36.8  130.6  112.8 
Big Fish Games95.2  94.5  271.5  309.5 
Other Investments4.3  3.9  13.1  11.9 
Corporate0.6  0.5  1.8  1.5 
Selling, general and administrative expense26.8  27.6  77.6  75.3 
Research and development9.7  8.8  29.9  29.3 
Calder exit costs0.2  0.5  0.8  2.4 
Acquisition expense, net0.7  1.1  1.7  4.9 
Total operating expense281.8  276.6  866.2  879.8 
Operating income33.0  26.8  180.0  150.5 
Other income (expense):       
Interest expense(12.6) (11.1) (36.0) (32.8)
Equity in income of unconsolidated investments8.9  4.9  22.7  13.5 
Miscellaneous, net(1.0) (0.2) (0.8) (0.3)
Total other income (expense)(4.7) (6.4) (14.1) (19.6)
Income from operations before provision for income taxes28.3  20.4  165.9  130.9 
Income tax provision(11.6) (11.7) (63.6) (49.6)
Net income$16.7  $8.7  $102.3  $81.3 
Net income per common share data:       
Basic net income$1.09  $0.52  $6.43  $4.85 
Diluted net income$1.08  $0.52  $6.32  $4.79 
Weighted average shares outstanding:       
Basic15.3  16.4  15.9  16.5 
Diluted15.5  16.9  16.2  17.0 
Other comprehensive loss:       
Foreign currency translation, net of tax0.5    0.1  0.2 
Change in pension benefits, net of tax0.1    0.1   
Other comprehensive gain0.6    0.2  0.2 
Comprehensive income$17.3  $8.7  $102.5  $81.5 

(in millions)September 30, 2017 December 31, 2016
Current assets:   
Cash and cash equivalents$57.8  $48.7 
Restricted cash37.3  34.3 
Accounts receivable, net74.0  81.4 
Receivable from escrow  13.6 
Income taxes receivable  7.6 
Game software development, net6.4  9.6 
Other current assets59.3  50.8 
Total current assets234.8  246.0 
Property and equipment, net619.4  574.4 
Game software development, net13.3  6.3 
Investment in and advances to unconsolidated affiliates173.9  139.1 
Goodwill848.3  832.2 
Other intangible assets, net425.4  445.7 
Other assets12.3  10.7 
Total assets$2,327.4  $2,254.4 
Current liabilities:   
Accounts payable$61.6  $53.2 
Purses payable19.2  12.5 
Account wagering deposit liabilities25.9  25.0 
Accrued expense111.2  100.1 
Income taxes payable16.9   
Deferred revenue - Big Fish Games85.6  81.3 
Deferred revenue - all other12.0  64.3 
Big Fish Games deferred payment, current28.3  27.8 
Big Fish Games earnout liability, current33.9  67.9 
Current maturities of long-term debt17.7  14.2 
Dividends payable  21.8 
Total current liabilities412.3  468.1 
Long-term debt, net of current maturities and loan origination fees510.7  312.8 
Notes payable, including premium and net of debt issuance costs595.6  594.7 
Deferred revenue - all other23.1  24.4 
Deferred income taxes140.2  153.1 
Other liabilities19.2  16.3 
Total liabilities1,701.1  1,569.4 
Commitments and contingencies   
Shareholders' equity:   
Preferred stock, no par value; 0.3 shares authorized; no shares issued   
Common stock, no par value; 50.0 shares authorized; 15.4 shares issued at
September 30, 2017 and 16.5 shares issued at December 31, 2016
Retained earnings627.3  569.7 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss(1.0) (1.2)
Total shareholders' equity626.3  685.0 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity$2,327.4  $2,254.4 

 Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in millions)2017 2016
Cash flows from operating activities:   
Net income$102.3  $81.3 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash provided by operating activities:   
Depreciation and amortization73.3  81.4 
Game software development amortization13.5  11.7 
Acquisition expenses, net1.7  4.9 
Distributed earnings from equity investments11.7  12.3 
Earnings from equity investments, net(22.7) (13.5)
Stock-based compensation17.5  14.3 
Deferred income tax(13.0) 0.5 
Big Fish Games earnout payment(2.5) (19.7)
Other1.0  1.6 
Increase (decrease) in cash resulting from changes in operating assets and
liabilities, net of business acquisitions and dispositions:
Other current assets and liabilities(0.8) 11.7 
Game software development(17.1) (16.3)
Income taxes payable24.5  28.1 
Deferred revenue(27.4) (7.5)
Other assets and liabilities2.2  (1.8)
   Net cash provided by operating activities164.2  189.0 
Cash flows from investing activities:   
Capital maintenance expenditures(26.7) (24.2)
Capital project expenditures(62.4) (19.9)
Acquisition of gaming licenses(2.3) (2.5)
Acquisition of a business(23.1)  
Receivable from escrow13.6   
Investment in unconsolidated affiliates(24.0)  
Other0.3  0.4 
Net cash used in investing activities(124.6) (46.2)
Cash flows from financing activities:   
Borrowings on bank line of credit769.1  564.7 
Repayments of bank line of credit(567.7) (427.2)
Big Fish Games earnout payment(31.7) (261.9)
Payment of dividends(21.8) (19.1)
Repurchase of common stock(181.1) (20.0)
Common stock issued2.1  2.2 
Loan origination fees and debit issuance costs  (1.4)
Other(0.6) 2.7 
Net cash used in financing activities(31.7) (160.0)
Net increase (decrease) in cash and cash equivalents7.9  (17.2)
Effect of exchange rate changes on cash flows1.2  (0.4)
Cash and cash equivalents, beginning of period48.7  74.5 
Cash and cash equivalents, end of period$57.8  $56.9 

 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in millions)2017 2016 2017 2016
Net revenue from external customers:       
Churchill Downs$8.1  $8.7  $147.1  $140.1 
Arlington25.0  24.0  51.5  49.8 
Fair Grounds5.0  5.1  27.5  28.9 
Calder0.7  0.7  1.9  2.0 
Total Racing38.8  38.5  228.0  220.8 
Oxford Casino25.2  24.4  69.2  65.4 
Riverwalk Casino12.2  10.6  35.7  35.7 
Harlow's Casino12.3  11.7  38.3  36.6 
Calder Casino19.4  19.0  62.6  59.8 
Fair Grounds Slots8.7  8.5  27.7  27.9 
VSI9.3  8.6  28.8  27.9 
Saratoga0.4  0.2  1.0  0.6 
Total Casinos87.5  83.0  263.3  253.9 
TwinSpires65.9  55.1  198.4  173.1 
Big Fish Games:       
Social casino53.4  44.3  149.1  138.3 
Casual and mid-core free-to-play46.1  56.1  135.3  162.5 
Premium18.4  21.9  58.1  68.8 
Total Big Fish Games117.9  122.3  342.5  369.6 
Other Investments4.7  4.5  14.0  12.9 
Net revenue from external customers$314.8  $303.4  $1,046.2  $1,030.3 
Intercompany net revenue:       
Churchill Downs$0.9  $0.9  $9.6  $8.2 
Arlington2.2  1.9  5.1  4.5 
Fair Grounds    1.0  1.0 
Total Racing3.1  2.8  15.7  13.7 
TwinSpires0.2  0.4  0.8  1.0 
Other Investments1.0  0.7  3.7  3.0 
Eliminations(4.3) (3.9) (20.2) (17.7)
Intercompany net revenue$  $  $  $ 

Adjusted EBITDA by segment is comprised of the following:
 Three Months Ended September 30, 2017
(in millions)Racing Casinos TwinSpires Big Fish
 Corporate Eliminations Total
Net revenue$41.9  $87.5  $66.1  $117.9  $5.7  $  $(4.3) $314.8 
Taxes & purses(11.2) (28.9) (4.5)         (44.6)
Platform & development fees      (42.1)       (42.1)
Marketing & advertising(1.0) (3.1) (1.1) (31.8)       (37.0)
Salaries & benefits(10.3) (13.5) (2.3) (6.8) (2.9)     (35.8)
Content expense(3.8)   (30.9)       4.0  (30.7)
Selling, general & administrative expense(3.9) (5.5) (3.2) (5.3) (0.8) (2.2) 0.6  (20.3)
Research & development      (9.7)       (9.7)
Other operating expense(10.1) (9.8) (5.3) (4.0) (1.1) 0.1    (30.2)
Other income (expense)0.1  12.8    (1.2) 0.2    (0.3) 11.6 
Adjusted EBITDA$1.7  $39.5  $18.8  $17.0  $1.1  $(2.1) $  $76.0 

 Three Months Ended September 30, 2016
(in millions)Racing Casinos TwinSpires Big Fish
 Corporate Eliminations Total
Net revenue$41.3  $83.0  $55.5  $122.3  $5.2  $  $(3.9) $303.4 
Taxes & purses(11.2) (28.1) (4.0)         (43.3)
Platform & development fees      (45.2)       (45.2)
Marketing & advertising(1.1) (3.0) (1.0) (26.3)       (31.4)
Salaries & benefits(10.3) (13.4) (2.3) (6.2) (2.7)     (34.9)
Content expense(3.9)   (26.0)       3.5  (26.4)
Selling, general & administrative expense(4.0) (5.4) (3.0) (4.4) (0.9) (2.2) 0.3  (19.6)
Research & development      (8.8)       (8.8)
Other operating expense(10.5) (10.0) (4.5) (3.9) (0.9) (0.2) 0.1  (29.9)
Other income (expense)0.1  7.3    (0.3) 0.1      7.2 
Adjusted EBITDA$0.4  $30.4  $14.7  $27.2  $0.8  $(2.4) $  $71.1 

 Nine Months Ended September 30, 2017
(in millions)Racing Casinos TwinSpires Big Fish
 Corporate Eliminations Total
Net revenue$243.7  $263.3  $199.2  $342.5  $17.7  $  $(20.2) $1,046.2 
Taxes & purses(54.3) (87.7) (11.6)         (153.6)
Platform & development fees      (124.0)       (124.0)
Marketing & advertising(3.9) (9.1) (6.7) (84.3)     0.3  (103.7)
Salaries & benefits(32.4) (40.0) (7.1) (20.7) (9.1)     (109.3)
Content expense(11.7)   (96.5)       18.1  (90.1)
Selling, general & administrative expense(11.9) (16.3) (8.9) (15.1) (2.3) (6.2) 1.2  (59.5)
Research & development      (29.9)       (29.9)
Other operating expense(39.4) (31.0) (17.1) (11.3) (3.6) (0.4) 0.6  (102.2)
Other income (expense)0.6  33.1    (1.6) 0.3      32.4 
Adjusted EBITDA$90.7  $112.3  $51.3  $55.6  $3.0  $(6.6) $  $306.3 

 Nine Months Ended September 30, 2016
(in millions)Racing Casinos TwinSpires Big Fish
 Corporate Eliminations Total
Net revenue$234.5  $253.9  $174.1  $369.6  $15.9  $  $(17.7) $1,030.3 
Taxes & purses(52.7) (84.6) (8.8)         (146.1)
Platform & development fees      (135.2)       (135.2)
Marketing & advertising(3.8) (9.5) (5.2) (106.2)     0.3  (124.4)
Salaries & benefits(31.4) (38.2) (6.9) (18.4) (8.2)     (103.1)
Content expense(12.0)   (83.4)       16.2  (79.2)
Selling, general & administrative expense(11.9) (15.8) (8.6) (13.6) (2.5) (6.2) 1.0  (57.6)
Research & development      (29.3)       (29.3)
Other operating expense(38.8) (29.4) (15.6) (11.8) (2.6) (0.5) 0.2  (98.5)
Other income (expense)0.4  21.6    (1.2) 0.3      21.1 
Adjusted EBITDA$84.3  $98.0  $45.6  $53.9  $2.9  $(6.7) $  $278.0 

 Three Months Ended
September 30,
 Nine Months Ended
September 30,
(in millions)2017 2016 2017 2016
Reconciliation of Comprehensive Income to Adjusted
Comprehensive income$17.3  $8.7  $102.5  $81.5 
Foreign currency translation, net of tax(0.5)   (0.1) (0.2)
Net change in pension benefits, net of tax(0.1)   (0.1)  
Net income16.7  8.7  102.3  81.3 
Depreciation and amortization24.0  27.5  73.3  81.4 
Interest expense12.6  11.1  36.0  32.8 
Income tax provision11.6  11.7  63.6  49.6 
EBITDA$64.9  $59.0  $275.2  $245.1 
Adjustments to EBITDA:       
Operating income:       
Stock-based compensation expense$5.8  $4.9  $17.5  $14.3 
Other charges0.4  3.1  0.5  3.4 
Other income, expense:       
Interest, depreciation and amortization expense
related to equity investments
4.0  2.5  10.6  7.5 
Other charges and recoveries, net      0.4 
Acquisition expense, net0.7  1.1  1.7  4.9 
Calder exit costs0.2  0.5  0.8  2.4 
Total adjustments to EBITDA11.1  12.1  31.1  32.9 
Adjusted EBITDA$76.0  $71.1  $306.3  $278.0 
Adjusted EBITDA by segment:       
Racing$1.7  $0.4  $90.7  $84.3 
Casinos39.5  30.4  112.3  98.0 
TwinSpires18.8  14.7  51.3  45.6 
Big Fish Games17.0  27.2  55.6  53.9 
Other Investments1.1  0.8  3.0  2.9 
Corporate(2.1) (2.4) (6.6) (6.7)
Adjusted EBITDA$76.0  $71.1  $306.3  $278.0 

 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in millions)2017 2016 2017 2016
Corporate allocated expense:       
Racing$(1.5) $(1.5) $(4.3) $(4.3)
Casinos(1.8) (1.8) (5.3) (5.0)
TwinSpires(1.4) (1.3) (3.9) (3.9)
Big Fish Games(0.7) (0.8) (2.1) (2.1)
Other Investments(0.3) (0.4) (1.0) (1.1)
Corporate allocated expense5.7  5.8  16.6  16.4 
Total Corporate allocated expense$  $  $  $ 

Summarized financial information for Miami Valley Gaming, LLC is comprised of the following:
 Three Months Ended September 30, Nine Months Ended September 30,
(in millions)2017 2016 2017 2016
Casino revenue$38.4  $36.1  $117.9  $108.7 
Non-casino revenue1.2  1.2  5.1  5.2 
Net revenue39.6  37.3  123.0  113.9 
Operating and SG&A expense28.1  26.4  85.7  79.7 
Depreciation & amortization3.2  3.4  9.5  9.9 
Operating income8.3  7.5  27.8  24.3 
Interest and other expense, net(0.6) (0.8) (1.9) (2.6)
Net income$7.7  $6.7  $25.9  $21.7 

(in millions)September 30, 2017 December 31, 2016
Current assets$16.5  $18.7 
Property and equipment, net104.6  109.8 
Other assets, net107.7  105.0 
Total assets$228.8  $233.5 
Liabilities and Members' Equity   
Current liabilities$9.0  $12.5 
Current portion of long-term debt8.3  8.3 
Long-term debt, excluding current portion8.9  14.0 
Other liabilities0.1  0.1 
Members' equity202.5  198.6 
Total liabilities and members' equity$228.8  $233.5 

Contact: Nick Zangari
(502) 394-1157