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UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20549
FORM 10-Q
QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the quarterly period ended June 30, 2021
OR
TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934
For the transition period from              to            
Commission file number 001-33998
Churchill Downs Incorporated
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)
Kentucky
61-0156015
(State or other jurisdiction of incorporation or organization)
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)
600 North Hurstbourne Parkway, Suite 400
Louisville,Kentucky
40222
(Address of Principal Executive Offices)
(Zip Code)
(502) 636-4400
Registrant's telephone number, including area code
Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:
Title of each classTrading Symbol(s)Name of each exchange on which registered
Common Stock, No Par ValueCHDNThe Nasdaq Stock Market LLC
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.  Yes     No  
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files).  Yes No 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See definitions of "large accelerated filer," "accelerated filer," "smaller reporting company," and "emerging growth company" in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act.
Large accelerated filerAccelerated filer
Non-accelerated filerSmaller reporting company
Emerging growth company
If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act.
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes   No  
The number of shares outstanding of registrant’s common stock at July 14, 2021 was 38,520,048 shares.




CHURCHILL DOWNS INCORPORATED
INDEX TO QUARTERLY REPORT ON FORM 10-Q
For the Quarter Ended June 30, 2021
 

FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2021
2


PART I.    FINANCIAL INFORMATION
ITEM 1.    FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
CHURCHILL DOWNS INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)
(Unaudited)
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions, except per common share data)2021202020212020
Net revenue:
Live and Historical Racing$175.9 $23.3 $239.1 $51.4 
TwinSpires135.6 121.3 235.3 190.4 
Gaming186.0 37.3 338.0 183.2 
All Other17.6 3.2 27.0 13.0 
Total net revenue515.1 185.1 839.4 438.0 
Operating expense:
Live and Historical Racing100.3 33.1 155.0 66.2 
TwinSpires96.8 74.7 169.8 125.5 
Gaming121.0 45.5 227.3 169.6 
All Other17.0 9.6 30.3 24.2 
Selling, general and administrative expense33.4 22.4 63.6 46.5 
Asset impairments11.2  11.2 17.5 
Transaction expense, net 0.2 0.1 0.5 
Total operating expense379.7 185.5 657.3 450.0 
Operating income (loss)135.4 (0.4)182.1 (12.0)
Other income (expense):
Interest expense, net(22.0)(20.3)(41.4)(39.6)
Equity in income (loss) of unconsolidated affiliates36.4 (11.1)61.3 (14.4)
Miscellaneous, net0.1 0.3 0.2 0.3 
Total other income (expense)14.5 (31.1)20.1 (53.7)
Income (loss) from continuing operations before (provision) benefit for income taxes149.9 (31.5)202.2 (65.7)
Income tax (provision) benefit(41.6)7.9 (57.8)19.5 
Income (loss) from continuing operations, net of tax108.3 (23.6)144.4 (46.2)
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax (95.2) (96.1)
Net income (loss)108.3 (118.8)144.4 (142.3)
Net loss attributable to noncontrolling interest   (0.1)
Net income (loss) and comprehensive income (loss) attributable to Churchill Downs Incorporated$108.3 $(118.8)$144.4 $(142.2)
Net income (loss) per common share data - basic:
Continuing operations$2.80 $(0.59)$3.72 $(1.16)
Discontinued operations$ $(2.41)$ $(2.43)
Net income (loss) per common share data - basic$2.80 $(3.00)$3.72 $(3.59)
Net income (loss) per common share data - diluted:
Continuing operations$2.76 $(0.59)$3.66 $(1.16)
Discontinued operations$ $(2.41)$ $(2.43)
Net income (loss) per common share data - diluted$2.76 $(3.00)$3.66 $(3.59)
Weighted average shares outstanding:
Basic38.7 39.5 38.8 39.6 
Diluted39.3 39.5 39.4 39.6 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2021
3


CHURCHILL DOWNS INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
(Unaudited)
(in millions)June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
ASSETS
Current assets:
Cash and cash equivalents
$342.2 $67.4 
Restricted cash
69.2 53.6 
Accounts receivable, net
50.4 36.5 
Income taxes receivable
39.1 49.4 
Other current assets
31.7 28.2 
Total current assets532.6 235.1 
Property and equipment, net
1,057.6 1,082.1 
Investment in and advances to unconsolidated affiliates
644.6 630.6 
Goodwill
366.8 366.8 
Other intangible assets, net
348.2 350.6 
Other assets
20.8 21.2 
Total assets$2,970.6 $2,686.4 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
Current liabilities:
Accounts payable
$124.5 $70.7 
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities214.9 167.8 
Current deferred revenue
23.1 32.8 
Current maturities of long-term debt
7.0 4.0 
Dividends payable
 24.9 
Current liabilities of discontinued operations 124.0 
Total current liabilities369.5 424.2 
Long-term debt, net of current maturities and loan origination fees
671.4 530.5 
Notes payable, net of debt issuance costs
1,291.7 1,087.8 
Non-current deferred revenue14.4 17.1 
Deferred income taxes
250.5 213.9 
Other liabilities
55.7 45.8 
Total liabilities2,653.2 2,319.3 
Commitments and contingencies
Shareholders' equity:
Preferred stock  
Common stock8.8 18.2 
Retained earnings
309.5 349.8 
Accumulated other comprehensive loss
(0.9)(0.9)
Total shareholders' equity317.4 367.1 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity$2,970.6 $2,686.4 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2021
4


CHURCHILL DOWNS INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
(Unaudited)
Common StockRetained
Earnings
Accumulated Other Comprehensive LossNoncontrolling InterestTotal Shareholders' Equity
(in millions, except per common share data)SharesAmount
Balance, December 31, 202039.5 $18.2 $349.8 $(0.9)$ $367.1 
Net income36.1 36.1 
Issuance of common stock0.1  
Repurchase of common stock(1.0)(22.0)(171.9)(193.9)
Taxes paid related to net share settlement of stock awards(0.1)(12.6)(12.6)
Stock-based compensation5.5 5.5 
Balance, March 31, 202138.5 1.7 201.4 (0.9) 202.2 
Net income108.3 108.3
Stock-based compensation 7.17.1
Other(0.2)(0.2)
Balance, June 30, 202138.5$8.8 $309.5 $(0.9)$ $317.4 
Common StockRetained
Earnings
Accumulated Other Comprehensive LossNoncontrolling InterestTotal Shareholders' Equity
(in millions, except per common share data)SharesAmount
Balance, December 31, 201939.7$ $509.2 $(0.9)$2.7 $511.0 
Net loss(23.4)(0.1)(23.5)
Repurchase of common stock(0.3)(4.3)(23.6)(27.9)
Cash settlement of stock awards(12.7)(12.7)
Taxes paid related to net share settlement of stock awards(15.1)(15.1)
Stock-based compensation4.3 4.3 
Adoption of ASC 326(0.5)(0.5)
Balance, March 31, 202039.4 433.9 (0.9)2.6 435.6 
Net loss(118.8)(118.8)
Stock-based compensation6.16.1
Other(0.2)(0.2)
Balance, June 30, 202039.4 $6.1 $314.9 $(0.9)$2.6 $322.7 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2021
5


CHURCHILL DOWNS INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
(Unaudited)
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)20212020
Cash flows from operating activities:
Net income (loss) $144.4 $(142.3)
Adjustments to reconcile net income (loss) to net cash provided by operating activities:
Depreciation and amortization52.0 44.1 
Distributions from unconsolidated affiliates47.5 4.8 
Equity in (income) loss of unconsolidated affiliates(61.3)14.4 
Stock-based compensation12.6 10.4 
Deferred income taxes7.4 (24.8)
Asset impairments11.2 17.5 
Amortization of operating lease assets2.7 2.5 
Other3.1 1.8 
Changes in operating assets and liabilities:
Income taxes39.5 (22.4)
Deferred revenue(12.6)43.5 
Current liabilities of discontinued operations (124.0)124.0 
Other assets and liabilities87.8 3.4 
Net cash provided by operating activities210.3 76.9 
Cash flows from investing activities:
Capital maintenance expenditures(13.7)(13.2)
Capital project expenditures(15.9)(118.1)
Other(0.9)(0.5)
Net cash used in investing activities(30.5)(131.8)
Cash flows from financing activities:
Proceeds from borrowings under long-term debt obligations780.8 726.1 
Repayments of borrowings under long-term debt obligations(427.4)(33.4)
Payment of dividends(24.8)(23.4)
Repurchase of common stock(193.9)(28.4)
Cash settlement of stock awards (12.7)
Taxes paid related to net share settlement of stock awards (12.6)(15.1)
Debt issuance costs(6.8)(1.7)
Change in bank overdraft(6.1) 
Other1.4  
Net cash provided by financing activities110.6 611.4 
Net increase in cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash290.4 556.5 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, beginning of period121.0 142.5 
Cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash, end of period$411.4 $699.0 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2021
6


CHURCHILL DOWNS INCORPORATED
CONDENSED CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Continued)
(Unaudited)
Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)20212020
Supplemental disclosures of cash flow information:
Cash paid during the period for:
Interest$35.9 $39.7 
Income taxes10.4 0.7 
Schedule of non-cash operating, investing and financing activities:
Property and equipment additions included in accounts payable and accrued expenses$5.0 $28.1 
Right-of-use assets obtained in exchange for lease obligations in operating leases 9.2 2.6 
The accompanying notes are an integral part of the condensed consolidated financial statements.
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2021
7

Churchill Downs Incorporated
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)


1. DESCRIPTION OF BUSINESS
Basis of Presentation
Churchill Downs Incorporated (the "Company", "we", "us", "our") financial statements are presented in conformity with the requirements of this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q and consequently do not include all of the disclosures normally required by U.S. generally accepted accounting principles ("GAAP") or those normally made in our Annual Report on Form 10-K. The December 31, 2020 condensed consolidated balance sheet data was derived from audited financial statements but does not include all disclosures required by GAAP.
The following information is unaudited. All per share amounts assume dilution unless otherwise noted. This report should be read in conjunction with our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2020.
In the opinion of management, all adjustments necessary for a fair statement of this information have been made, and all such adjustments are of a normal, recurring nature.
We conduct our business through three reportable segments: Live and Historical Racing, TwinSpires, and Gaming. We aggregate our other businesses as well as certain corporate operations, and other immaterial joint ventures, in All Other. We report net revenue and operating expense associated with these reportable segments in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss).
Segments
During the first quarter of 2021, we updated our operating segments to reflect the internal management reporting used by our chief operating decision maker to evaluate results of operations and to assess performance and allocate resources. Our internal management reporting changed primarily due to the continued growth from Oak Grove Racing, Gaming & Hotel ("Oak Grove") and Turfway Park, which opened its annex historical racing machine ("HRM") facility, Newport Racing & Gaming ("Newport"), in October 2020, which resulted in our chief operating decision maker's decision to include Oak Grove, Turfway Park and Newport in the new Live and Historical Racing segment. The Live and Historical Racing segment now includes Churchill Downs Racetrack, Derby City Gaming, Oak Grove, Turfway Park, and Newport. We also realigned our retail sports betting results at our wholly-owned casinos from our Gaming segment to our TwinSpires segment. As a result of this realignment, our operating segments that meet the requirements to be disclosed separately as reportable segments are: Live and Historical Racing, TwinSpires, and Gaming. We conduct our business through these reportable segments and report net revenue and operating expense associated with these reportable segments in our condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss). The prior year results in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss) were reclassified to conform to this presentation.
Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic
In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the COVID-19 outbreak a global pandemic. The COVID-19 global pandemic has resulted in travel limitations and business and government shutdowns which have had significant negative economic impacts in the United States and in relation to our business. Although vaccines are now available, we cannot predict the duration of the COVID-19 global pandemic. The extent to which the COVID-19 pandemic, including the emergence of variant strains, will continue to impact the Company remains uncertain and will depend on many factors that are not within our control.
In March 2020, as a result of the COVID-19 outbreak, we temporarily suspended operations at our wholly-owned and managed gaming properties, announced the temporary furlough of our employees at these properties and certain racing operations, and implemented a temporary salary reduction for all remaining non-furloughed salaried employees based on a percentage that varied dependent upon the amount of each employee’s salary. The most senior level of executive management received the largest salary decrease, based on both percentage and dollar amount.
In May 2020, we began to reopen our properties with patron restrictions and gaming limitations. One property temporarily suspended operations again in July 2020 and reopened in August 2020, and three properties temporarily suspended operations again in December 2020 and reopened in January 2021. The Company provided health, dental, vision and life insurance benefits to furloughed employees through July 31, 2020 and during the subsequent property closure periods.
During the second quarter of 2021, we held the 147th Kentucky Oaks and Derby with capacity restrictions in compliance with Kentucky venue limitations at that time. The capacity restrictions limited reserved seating in each area to approximately 40% to 60% capacity and also limited general admission tickets. The 146th Kentucky Oaks and Derby was held in the third quarter of 2020.
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2021
8

Churchill Downs Incorporated
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

2. RECENT ACCOUNTING PRONOUNCEMENTS
Adopted on January 1, 2021
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU 2019-12, Income Taxes (Topic 740): Simplifying the Accounting for Income Taxes, which simplifies the accounting for income taxes by removing certain exceptions to the general principles in ASC Topic 740, Income Taxes. The amendments also clarify and amend existing guidance to improve consistent application of and simplify GAAP for other areas of Topic 740. This ASU is effective for public business entities for fiscal years and interim periods beginning after December 15, 2020. The adoption of this ASU did not have a material impact on our business.
Effective after 2021
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU 2020-04, Reference Rate Reform (Topic 848): Facilitation of the Effects of Reference Rate Reform on Financial Reporting, which provides optional expedients and exceptions to applying the guidance on contract modifications, hedge accounting, and other transactions, to simplify the accounting for transitioning from the London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR) and other interbank offered rates to alternative reference rates. The guidance was effective upon issuance and if elected, will be applied prospectively through December 31, 2022. We are currently evaluating the effect the adoption of this new accounting standard will have on our results of operations, financial condition, and cash flows.
3. DISCONTINUED OPERATIONS
On January 9, 2018, the Company completed the sale of its mobile gaming subsidiary, Big Fish Games, Inc. ("Big Fish Games"), a Washington corporation, to Aristocrat Technologies, Inc. ("Aristocrat"), a Nevada corporation, an indirect, wholly-owned subsidiary of Aristocrat Leisure Limited, an Australian corporation (the "Big Fish Transaction") pursuant to a definitive Stock Purchase Agreement (the "Stock Purchase Agreement"). Aristocrat paid an aggregate consideration of $990.0 million in cash in connection with the Big Fish Transaction, subject to customary adjustments for working capital and indebtedness and certain other adjustments as set forth in the Stock Purchase Agreement.
The Big Fish Games business and the related Big Fish Transaction meet the criteria for discontinued operation presentation. The condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss) and the notes to condensed consolidated financial statements reflect Big Fish Games as discontinued operations for all periods presented. Unless otherwise specified, disclosures in these condensed consolidated financial statements reflect continuing operations only. The condensed consolidated statements of cash flows include both continuing and discontinued operations.
On May 22, 2020, we entered into an agreement in principle to settle Cheryl Kater v. Churchill Downs Incorporated and Manasa Thimmegowda v. Big Fish Games, Inc. The $124.0 million settlement was paid on March 25, 2021.
The following table presents the financial results of Big Fish Games included in "loss from discontinued operations, net of tax" in the accompanying condensed consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss):
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)2021202020212020
Net revenue$ $ $ $ 
Selling, general and administrative expense 0.3  1.5 
Legal settlement 124.0  124.0 
Loss from discontinued operations before benefit for income taxes (124.3) (125.5)
Income tax benefit 29.1  29.4 
Loss from discontinued operations, net of tax$ $(95.2)$ $(96.1)
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2021
9

Churchill Downs Incorporated
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

4. GOODWILL AND OTHER INTANGIBLE ASSETS
Goodwill was $366.8 million as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020. We performed our annual goodwill impairment analysis as of April 1, 2021, and no adjustment to the carrying value of goodwill was required. We assessed goodwill for impairment by performing qualitative or quantitative analyses for each reporting unit. We concluded that the fair values of our reporting units exceeded their carrying values, and therefore no impairments were identified.
In the first quarter of 2021, we realigned our segments as described in Note 1, Description of Business. This change resulted in the allocation of $4.0 million of goodwill from the Gaming segment to the TwinSpires segment based on the relative fair value approach. The Company evaluated whether an interim goodwill impairment test should be performed as a result of our segment changes. Based on this evaluation, the Company determined this event did not indicate it was more likely than not that a goodwill impairment exists.
Other intangible assets are comprised of the following:
June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
(in millions)Gross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying AmountGross Carrying AmountAccumulated AmortizationNet Carrying Amount
Definite-lived intangible assets$31.2 $(19.0)$12.2 $31.2 $(16.6)$14.6 
Indefinite-lived intangible assets336.0 336.0 
Total$348.2 $350.6 
Refer to Note 5, Asset Impairments, for information regarding intangible asset impairments recognized during the first quarter of 2020.
We performed our annual indefinite-lived intangible assets impairment analysis as of April 1, 2021. We assessed our indefinite-lived intangible assets for impairment by performing qualitative or quantitative analyses for each asset. Based on the results of these analyses, no indefinite-lived intangible asset impairments were identified in connection with our annual impairment testing.
5. ASSET IMPAIRMENTS
During the quarter ended June 30, 2021, the Company recorded an $11.2 million non-cash impairment charge related to certain assets at Churchill Downs Racetrack included in our Live and Historical Racing segment. The impairment was due to a change in the Churchill Downs Racetrack capital plans and the Company's planned usage of these assets.
During the quarter ended March 31, 2020, the Company evaluated whether events or circumstances changed that would indicate it is more likely than not that any of the Company's intangible assets, goodwill, or property and equipment, were impaired ("Trigger Event"), or if there were any other than temporary impairments of our equity investments. Factors considered in this evaluation included, among other things, the amount of the fair value over carrying value from the annual impairment testing performed as of April 1, 2019, changes in carrying values, changes in discount rates, and the impact of temporary property closures due to the COVID-19 global pandemic on cash flows. Based on the Company's evaluation, the Company concluded that a Trigger Event occurred related to the Presque Isle Downs and Casino ("Presque Isle") gaming rights, trademark, and the reporting unit's goodwill due to the impact and uncertainty of the COVID-19 global pandemic.
The initial fair value of Presque Isle gaming rights in the first quarter of 2019 was determined using the Greenfield Method, which is an income approach methodology that calculates the present value based on a projected cash flow stream. This method assumes that the Presque Isle gaming rights provide the opportunity to develop a casino and online wagering platform in a specified region, and that the present value of the projected cash flows are a result of the realization of advantages contained in these rights. Under this methodology, the acquirer is expected to absorb all start-up costs, as well as incur all expenses pertaining to the acquisition and / or the creation of all tangible and intangible assets. The estimated future revenue, operating expenses, start-up costs, and discount rate were the primary inputs in the valuation.
Based on the Trigger Event in 2020, the Company updated the discount rate to reflect the increased uncertainty of the cash flows and updated the projected cash flow stream. As a result, the $77.6 million carrying value of the Presque Isle gaming rights exceeded the fair value of $62.6 million, and the Company recognized an impairment of $15.0 million in first quarter of
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2021
10

Churchill Downs Incorporated
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

2020 for the Presque Isle gaming rights ($12.5 million related to the Gaming segment and $2.5 million related to the TwinSpires segment).
The Presque Isle trademark was initially valued in first quarter of 2019 using the relief-from-royalty method of the income approach, which estimates the fair value of the intangible asset by discounting the fair value of the hypothetical royalty payments a market participant would be willing to pay to enjoy the benefits of the asset. The estimated future revenue, royalty rate, and discount rate were the primary inputs in the valuation of the trademark.
Based on the Trigger Event in 2020, the Company updated the discount rate to reflect the increased uncertainty of the cash flows and updated projected cash flow stream. As a result, the Company recognized an impairment of $2.5 million in the first quarter of 2020 for the Presque Isle trademark.
The fair value of the Presque Isle reporting unit's goodwill was determined under the market and income valuation approaches using inputs primarily related to discounted projected cash flows and price multiples of publicly traded comparable companies.
In accordance with Accounting Standards Codification 350, Intangibles - Goodwill and Other, the Company performed the impairment testing of the Presque Isle gaming rights and trademark prior to testing Presque Isle goodwill. Based on the Trigger Event in 2020, the Company updated the discount rate to reflect the increased uncertainty of the cash flows and updated project cash flow stream. As a result, the Company did not recognize an impairment for Presque Isle goodwill in the first quarter of 2020 because the fair value exceeded the carrying value.
6. INCOME TAXES
The Company’s effective income tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2021 was higher than the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21.0% primarily resulting from state income taxes and non-deductible officer’s compensation.
The Company’s effective income tax rate for the three and six months ended June 30, 2020 reflect a tax benefit on a pretax loss, while the annual estimated effective tax rate for 2020 reflected tax expense on pretax income. The effective income tax rate for both periods were higher than the U.S. federal statutory rate of 21.0% primarily resulting from state income taxes and non-deductible officer’s compensation. The effective income tax rate for the three months ended June 30, 2020 was also higher due to the establishment of a valuation allowance against current year state income tax losses in certain jurisdictions that don’t require combined reporting. The effective income tax rate for the six months ended June 30, 2020 was also higher from vesting of restricted stock compensation in excess of book deductions. The Company’s annual estimated effective tax rate for 2020 included a 14% tax benefit from a current year federal taxable loss which will be carried back to a pre-2018 tax year, reducing the effective income tax rate applied to the pretax loss for both the three-month ended and the six-month ended June 30, 2020.
7. SHAREHOLDERS’ EQUITY
On October 30, 2018, the Board of Directors of the Company approved a common stock repurchase program of up to $300.0 million ("2018 Stock Repurchase Program"). Repurchases may be made at management’s discretion from time to time on the open market (either with or without a 10b5-1 plan) or through privately negotiated transactions. The repurchase program has no time limit and may be suspended or discontinued at any time.
We have approximately $147.1 million of repurchase authority remaining under this program at June 30, 2021, based on trade date. There were no repurchases of our common stock under the 2018 Stock Repurchase Program for the three or six months ended June 30, 2021, or the three months ended June 30, 2020. We repurchased 235,590 shares of our common stock under the October 2018 stock repurchase program at an aggregate purchase price of $27.9 million based on trade date for the six months ended June 30, 2020.
On February 1, 2021, the Company entered into an agreement (the “Stock Repurchase Agreement”) with an affiliate of The Duchossois Group, Inc. (“TDG”) to repurchase 1,000,000 shares of the Company’s common stock for $193.94 per share in a privately negotiated transaction for an aggregate purchase price of $193.9 million.
The repurchase of shares of common stock from TDG pursuant to the Stock Repurchase Agreement was approved by the Company's Board of Directors separately from, and did not reduce the authorized amount remaining under, the existing common stock repurchase program. The Company repurchased the shares using available cash and borrowings under the Revolver (as defined in Note 9, Debt).
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2021
11

Churchill Downs Incorporated
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

8. STOCK-BASED COMPENSATION PLANS
We have stock-based employee compensation plans with awards outstanding under the Churchill Downs Incorporated 2016 Omnibus Stock Incentive Plan (the "2016 Plan") and the Executive Long-Term Incentive Compensation Plan, which was adopted pursuant to the 2016 Plan. Our total stock-based compensation expense, which includes expenses related to restricted stock awards, restricted stock unit awards ("RSUs"), performance share unit awards ("PSUs"), and stock options associated with our employee stock purchase plan was $7.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and $6.1 million for the three months ended June 30, 2020. Stock-based compensation expense was $12.6 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and $10.4 million for the six months ended June 30, 2020.
During the six months ended June 30, 2021, the Company awarded RSUs to employees, RSUs and PSUs to certain named executive officers ("NEOs"), and RSUs to directors. The vesting criteria for the PSU awards granted in 2021 were based on a three-year service period with two performance conditions and a market condition related to relative total shareholder return ("TSR") consistent with prior year grants. The total compensation cost we will recognize under the PSUs is determined using the Monte Carlo valuation methodology, which factors in the value of the TSR market condition when determining the grant date fair value of the PSU. Compensation cost for each PSU is recognized during the performance and service period based on the probable achievement of the two performance criteria. The PSUs are converted into shares of our common stock at the time the PSU award value is finalized.
On February 12, 2020, the Compensation Committee of the Board of Directors offered, and the NEOs accepted, to settle the 2017 PSU Awards in cash.
A summary of the RSUs and PSUs granted during 2021 is presented below (units in thousands):
Grant YearAward Type
Number of Units Awarded (1)
Vesting Terms
2021RSU63
Vest equally over three service periods ending in 2024
2021PSU27
Three-year performance and service period ending in 2023
2021RSU5
One-year service period ending in 2022
(1) PSUs reflect the target number of units for the original PSU grant.
9. DEBT
Credit Agreement
On December 27, 2017, we entered into a senior secured credit agreement (as amended, the "Credit Agreement") with a syndicate of lenders. The Credit Agreement provides for a $700.0 million senior secured revolving credit facility due 2022 (the "Revolver") and a $400.0 million senior secured term loan B due 2024 (the "Term Loan B"). Included in the maximum borrowing of $700.0 million under the Revolver is a letter of credit sub facility not to exceed $50.0 million and a swing line commitment up to a maximum principal amount of $50.0 million. The Credit Agreement is collateralized by substantially all of the wholly-owned assets of the Company.
On April 28, 2020, the Company entered into a Second Amendment to the Credit Agreement, which (i) provides for a financial covenant relief period through the date on which the Company delivers the Company's quarterly financial statements and compliance certificate for the fiscal quarter ending June 30, 2021, subject to certain exceptions (the “Financial Covenant Relief Period”), (ii) amends the definition of “Consolidated EBITDA” in the Credit Agreement with respect to the calculation of Consolidated EBITDA for the first two fiscal quarters after the termination of the Financial Covenant Relief Period, (iii) extends certain deadlines and makes certain other amendments to the Company’s financial reporting obligations, (iv) places certain restrictions on restricted payments during the Financial Covenant Relief Period, and (v) amends the definitions of “Material Adverse Effect” and “License Revocation” in the Credit Agreement to take into consideration COVID-19.
On February 1, 2021, the Company entered into the Third Amendment to the Credit Agreement to increase the restricted payments capacity during the Financial Covenant Relief Period from $26.0 million to $226.0 million to accommodate a share repurchase from an affiliate of TDG. Refer to Note 7, Shareholders' Equity, for information regarding this transaction.
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2021
12

Churchill Downs Incorporated
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

On March 17, 2021, the Company entered into the Incremental Joinder Agreement No. 1 (the "Joinder") to its Credit Agreement which provided $300.0 million in New Term Loan Commitments ("Term Loan B-1") as a new tranche of term loans under the existing Credit Agreement (as conformed to recognize the new loan), and carries a maturity date of March 17, 2028. The Term Loan B-1 bears interest at LIBOR plus 200 basis points and requires quarterly payments of 0.25% of the original $300.0 million balance. The Term Loan B-1 may be subject to additional mandatory prepayment from excess cash flow on an annual basis per the provisions of the Credit Agreement. The Company capitalized $3.5 million of debt issuance costs associated with the Joinder which are being amortized as interest expense over the 7-year term of the Term Loan B-1.
The interest rate on the Revolver on June 30, 2021 was LIBOR plus 175 basis points based on the Revolver pricing grid in the Second Amendment and the Company's net leverage ratio as of June 30, 2021. The Term Loan B and Term Loan B-1 bear interest at LIBOR plus 200 basis points.
Although the Company was not required to meet the Company’s financial covenants under the Credit Agreement on June 30, 2021 (as a result of the Second Amendment), the Company was compliant with all applicable covenants on June 30, 2021.
2028 Senior Notes Second Supplemental Indenture
On March 17, 2021, the Company completed an offering of $200.0 million in aggregate principal amount of 4.75% Senior Unsecured Notes that mature on January 15, 2028 (the "Additional 2028 Notes") in a private offering to qualified institutional buyers pursuant to Rule 144A that is exempt from registration under the Securities Act, and to certain non-U.S. persons in accordance with Regulation S under the Securities Act. The Additional 2028 Notes were offered under the indenture dated as of December 27, 2017, governing the $500.0 million aggregate principal amount of 4.75% Senior Unsecured Notes due 2028 ("Existing 2028 Notes") and form a part of the same series for purposes of the indenture. In connection with the offering, we capitalized $3.4 million of debt issuance costs which are being amortized as interest expense over the term of the Additional 2028 Notes. Upon completion of this offering, the aggregate principal amount outstanding of the Existing 2028 Notes, together with the Additional 2028 Notes (collectively the "2028 Senior Notes"), is $700.0 million.
The Additional 2028 Notes were issued at 103.25% of the principal amount, plus interest deemed to have accrued from January 15, 2021, with interest payable on January 15th and July 15th of each year, commencing on July 15, 2021. The 2028 Senior Notes will vote as one class under the indenture governing the 2028 Senior Notes. The 3.25% premium will be amortized through interest expense, net over the term of the Additional 2028 Notes.
The Company used the net proceeds from the Additional 2028 Notes and the Term Loan B-1 (i) to repay indebtedness outstanding under our Revolving Credit Facility, (ii) to fund related transaction fees and expenses and (iii) for working capital and other general corporate purposes.
The Company may redeem some or all of the Additional 2028 Notes at any time at redemption prices set forth in the 2028 Offering Memorandum.
In connection with the issuance of the Additional 2028 Notes, the Company and the 2028 Guarantors entered into a Registration Rights Agreement to register any 2028 Senior Notes under the Securities Act for resale that are not freely tradable 366 days from March 17, 2021.
10. REVENUE FROM CONTRACTS WITH CUSTOMERS
Performance Obligations
As of June 30, 2021, the Live and Historical Racing segment had remaining performance obligations on contracts with a duration greater than one year of an aggregate transaction price of $99.5 million. The revenue we expect to recognize on these remaining performance obligations is $0.7 million for the remainder of 2021, $37.2 million in 2022, $23.0 million in 2023, and the remainder thereafter.
As of June 30, 2021, our remaining performance obligations in segments other than Live and Historical Racing were not material.
Contract Assets and Contract Liabilities
As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, contract assets were not material.
As of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, contract liabilities were $41.1 million and $53.7 million, respectively, which are included in current deferred revenue, non-current deferred revenue, and accrued expense in the accompanying condensed consolidated balance sheets. Contract liabilities primarily relate to the Live and Historical Racing segment and the decrease was primarily due to revenue recognized for fulfilled performance obligations. We recognized $28.9 million of revenue during the three months ended June 30, 2021, and $31.5 million of revenue during the six months ended June 30, 2021 that was
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2021
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Churchill Downs Incorporated
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

included in the contract liabilities balance at December 31, 2020. We recognized $0.3 million of revenue during the three months ended June 30, 2020 and $4.1 million of revenue during the six months ended June 30, 2020 that was included in the contract liabilities balance at December 31, 2019.
Disaggregation of Revenue
In Note 16, Segment Information, the Company has included its disaggregated revenue disclosures as follows: 
For the Live and Historical Racing segment, revenue is disaggregated between racing facilities and HRM facilities given that our racing facilities revenues primarily revolve around live racing events while our HRM facilities revenues primarily revolve around historical racing events. This segment is also disaggregated by location given the geographic economic factors that affect the revenue of service offerings. Within the Live and Historical racing segment, revenue is further disaggregated between live and simulcast racing, historical racing, racing event-related services, and other services.
For the TwinSpires segment, revenue is disaggregated between Horse Racing and Sports and Casino given that Horse Racing revenue is primarily related to online pari-mutuel wagering on live race events while Sports and Casino revenue relates to casino gaming service offerings. Within the TwinSpires segment, revenue is further disaggregated between live and simulcast racing, gaming, and other services.
For the Gaming segment, revenue is disaggregated by location given the geographic economic factors that affect the revenue of Gaming service offerings. Within the Gaming segment, revenue is further disaggregated between live and simulcast racing, racing event-related services, gaming, and other services.
We believe that these disclosures depict how the amount, nature, timing, and uncertainty of cash flows are affected by economic factors.

11. ACCRUED EXPENSES AND OTHER CURRENT LIABILITIES
Accrued expenses and other current liabilities consisted of the following:
(in millions)June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Account wagering deposits liability$54.7 $38.1 
Accrued salaries and related benefits21.2 19.6 
Accrued interest24.0 19.2 
Purses payable35.1 18.5 
Other79.9 72.4 
Total$214.9 $167.8 
12. INVESTMENTS IN AND ADVANCES TO UNCONSOLIDATED AFFILIATES
Investments in and advances to unconsolidated affiliates as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020 primarily consisted of a 61.3% interest in Rivers Casino Des Plaines ("Rivers Des Plaines"), a 50% interest in Miami Valley Gaming and Racing ("MVG"), and two other immaterial joint ventures.
Rivers Des Plaines
The ownership of Rivers Des Plaines is comprised of the following: (1) the Company owns 61.3%; (2) High Plaines Gaming, LLC ("High Plaines"), an affiliate of Rush Street Gaming, LLC, owns 36.0%, and (3) Casino Investors, LLC owns 2.7%. Both the Company and High Plaines have participating rights over Rivers Des Plaines, and both must consent to operating, investing and financing decisions. As a result, we account for Rivers Des Plaines using the equity method. As of June 30, 2021, the net aggregate basis difference between the Company’s investment in Rivers Des Plaines and the amounts of the underlying equity in net assets was $832.8 million.
Our investment in Rivers Des Plaines was $535.2 million and $519.0 million as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The Company received distributions from Rivers Des Plaines of $25.3 million and $1.3 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2021
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Churchill Downs Incorporated
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

Miami Valley Gaming
Delaware North Companies Gaming & Entertainment Inc. ("DNC") owns the remaining 50% interest in MVG. Since both we and DNC have participating rights over MVG, and both must consent to MVG's operating, investing and financing decisions, we account for MVG using the equity method.
Our investment in MVG was $108.3 million and $110.7 million as of June 30, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The Company received distributions from MVG of $22.0 million and $3.5 million for the six months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Summarized Financial Results for our Unconsolidated Affiliates
Summarized below are the financial results for our unconsolidated affiliates.
Three Months Ended June 30,Six Months Ended June 30,
(in millions)2021202020212020
Net revenue$197.9 $6.8 $336.6 $144.6 
Operating and SG&A expense109.8 7.2 195.4 108.0 
Depreciation and amortization4.4 4.1 8.7 8.3 
Total operating expense114.2 11.3 204.1 116.3 
Operating income (loss)83.7 (4.5)132.5 28.3 
Interest and other, net(19.7)(13.4)(24.3)(49.2)
Net income (loss)$64.0 $(17.9)$108.2 $(20.9)
(in millions)June 30, 2021December 31, 2020
Assets
Current assets$86.3 $132.8 
Property and equipment, net268.1 267.5 
Other assets, net266.3 244.9 
Total assets$620.7 $645.2 
Liabilities and Members' Deficit
Current liabilities$78.0 $133.5 
Long-term debt772.0 753.5 
Other liabilities32.7 42.3 
Members' deficit(262.0)(284.1)
Total liabilities and members' deficit$620.7 $645.2 

FORM 10-Q FOR THE QUARTERLY PERIOD ENDED JUNE 30, 2021
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Churchill Downs Incorporated
Notes to Condensed Consolidated Financial Statements
(Unaudited)

13. FAIR VALUE OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES
We endeavor to utilize the best available information in measuring fair value. Financial assets and liabilities are classified based on the lowest level of input that is significant to the fair value measurement. The following methods and assumptions are used to estimate the fair value of each class of financial instruments for which it is practicable to estimate.
Restricted Cash
Our restricted cash accounts that are held in interest-bearing accounts qualify for Level 1 in the fair value hierarchy, which includes unadjusted quoted market prices in active markets for identical assets.
Debt
The fair value of the Company’s 2028 Senior Notes and 5.50% Senior Notes due 2027 (the "2027 Senior Notes") are estimated based on unadjusted quoted prices for identical or similar liabilities in markets that are not active and as such are Level 2 measurements. The fair values of the Company's Term Loan B, Term Loan B-1, and Revolver under the Credit Agreement approximate the gross carrying value of the variable rate debt and as such are Level 2 measurements.
The carrying amounts and estimated fair values by input level of the Company's financial instruments are as follows:
June 30, 2021
(in millions)Carrying AmountFair ValueLevel 1Level 2Level 3
Financial assets:
Restricted cash$69.2 $69.2 $69.2 $ $ 
Financial liabilities:
Term Loan B$383.2 $386.0 $ $386.0 $ 
Term Loan B-1295.2 299.3  299.3  
2027 Senior Notes593.7 624.3  624.3  
2028 Senior Notes698.0 722.8  722.8  
Total financial liabilities$1,970.1 $2,032.4 $ $2,032.4 $ 
December 31, 2020
(in millions)Carrying AmountFair ValueLevel 1Level 2Level 3
Financial assets:
Restricted cash$53.6 $53.6 $53.6 $ $ 
Financial liabilities:
Term Loan B$384.8 $388.0 $ $388.0 $ 
Revolver149.7 149.7  149.7  
2027 Senior Notes